Cook-Greuter (1994) classified the 9 type of values out of Loevinger’s model toward three hierarchical categories: preconventional, conventional, and you may postconventional accounts (get a hold of Desk 1). The newest preconventional level is projected to help you compensate ten% of your own human population and are usually named Symbiotic, Phase step one; Natural, Phase dos; and Self-defensive, Phase step three. This type of level are common in youthfulness, but if not developed beyond, can be associated with the psychopathology inside adulthood (Pfaffenberger and you may ). The conventional level, estimated to make-up regarding the 80% of your human population, was described as Conformist, Stage 4; Self-Aware, Phase 5; and you will Persistent, Stage six. These types of account represent a change generally speaking going on once many years several when the person will get with the capacity of consuming another’s angle and grows a clearly split up label and you can care about-contains incorporated system (Akrivou 2008). The latest postconventional degree was projected so you’re able to form in the 10% of one’s You human population and therefore are described as Individualistic, Stage seven; Independent, Phase 8; and construct-aware, Stage nine. For the postconventional grade, the individual has actually greater distinction of mind and you may reveals better mental consolidation, self-actualization, expertise, and you may the means to access intuition (Cook-Greuter 2000). Based on Make-Greuter (1999) there is a 10th stage off advancement, Unitive, in which some one can be endure a continuous visibility to play in which transpersonal experiences is actually included in a liquid condition of being.
The latest Enneagram and Ego Invention
Loevinger’s (1976) pride creativity design will bring a helpful framework to possess computing ego development regarding the Enneagram program. Developmental trajectories try after that designed for each Enneagram kind of to follow along with in order to achieve higher levels of pride advancement. The new shifts in the worldview towards highest amounts of development in the fresh new Enneagram try similar to the completion out of large developmental account inside Loevinger’s design (Mundane 2010; Loevinger 1976; Cook-Greuter 2002; Maslow 1964). High account was designated by the enhanced feeling, sympathy, much less personality which have ego (Cook-Greuter 2002; Jaxon-Happen 2012; Loevinger 1976). Literary works implies that psychological state and you will pride creativity was interrelated, which have positive correlations between innovation and you can dispositional optimism and thinking-admiration blued, and you can negative correlations which have affective stress, depression, and you will nervousness (Blumentritt 2011; King et al. 2000; Noam ainsi que al. 2006). At some point, invention causes worry about-actualization and thinking-transcendence/unity since the revealed on the frameworks from one another Loevinger (1976) and you will Maslow (1976).
Brand new Enneagram out of 9 Sizes
The fresh new Enneagram try an identification system regarding 9 line of particular-certain paths having advancement across the lifespan (Boring 2010; Daniels and you can Speed 2009; Sutton 2012). Of numerous researchers enjoys emphasized new Enneagram body’s parallels to that particular out-of other latest psychological ideas including humanistic, psychodynamic, ental psychologies and field of neuroscience (Beesing ainsi que al. 1984; Daniels and you may Rates 2009; Naranjo 1990, 1994; Palmer 1988, 1995; Riso and Hudson 1999, 2005; Siegel 2004, 2010; Tolk 2006; Wagner 2008). The majority of instructions and articles exploring the application of the fresh Enneagram program come into the realm of private growth and development. Recently, the latest Enneagram has exploded towards part of organizational advancement. From the functions form this has been put because a hack for team building events and you will assisting a whole lot more unified workplaces (Dull 2010; Colina 1998; Kale and Shrivastava 2003; Ormond 2007).
Due to the fact an intensive identification system, this new Enneagram items represent 9 fundamental models (Desk dos). When you look at the Enneagram program this type of interwoven patterns try demonstrated in terms of your type’s type of perceptual filter systems that means might Offer (Daniels and you may Rates 2009). The fundamental Offer is short for the fresh new intersection out of: (a) key beliefs; (b) transformative procedures; (c) habits out of focus; and you will (d) riding attitude. Inside development of every type, a complete a number of person prospective can be done through the course of a lifespan (Bland 2010).